THE BALKANS AND THE CAUCASUS: CONCEPTUAL STEPPING-STONES TOWARDS THE FORMATION OF A NEW SINGLE GEOECONOMIC, GEOPOLITICAL, AND GEOSTRATEGIC REGION
by Plamen Pantev
Research Report 13
Sofia, November 2002
DISCLAIMER: THIS RESEARCH REPORT IS A VERSION OF THE AUTHOR'S PRESENTATION ON A SIMILAR SUBJECT AT THE CONFERENCE OF DIRECTORS OF EUROPEAN INSTITUTES OF INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS, 18-19 OCTOBER 2002, ORGANISED BY THE TURKISH FOREIGN POLICY INSTITUTE, BILKENT UNIVERSITY, BILKENT-ANKARA, AT THE CONRAD ISTANBUL HOTEL, ISTANBUL. THE RESEARCH REPORT DRAWS ON PREPARED REMARKS AND ON THE RESULTS OF A LONGER STUDY THAT WAS CARRIED OUT FROM JANUARY 1999-NOVEMBER 2002 WITHIN THE ISIS RESEARCH ACTIVITY.
©Institute for Security and International Studies, 2002
TABLE OF CONTENTS
First, how have the Balkans and the Caucasus evolved since the end of
the Cold War?
II. The Balkans and the Caucasus After the End
of the Cold War
First, the principle of the 'incremental steps' reflects the logical requirement of the gradual, evolutionary enlargement of the EU and NATO. The formation of 'security communities' and 'security complexes' as well as the acquirement of the features of states, societies, and economies that meet the legal requirements of membership in both institutions needs a patient and purposeful attitude. It is a historic task to find ways of incorporating such huge centers of regional power as Russia and Ukraine in Northern Europe and Turkey in Southern Europe in the integration processes of the EU without bringing imbalances to the present structure. All actors in this unique social experiment are expected to be responsible and proactive players. The enlargement of NATO is a positive step to that end.
The second principle that deserves mentioning is that of 'fairness and inclusiveness' in the process of distributing energy resources. Producers, investors, 'transit' countries - all those involved in the production and delivery of oil and natural gas from the well to the world's energy markets deserve a fair share of the profit. Once the 'problem-solving' approach begins to match the 'bargaining' in the process of negotiating the details of the energy distribution, and once policy decision-makers aim for a 'win-win' situation , the future of the new single geo-economic, geo-political, and geo-strategic region stretching from the Balkans to the Caspian Sea will be secure. The campaign against political violence movements will influence or induce tendencies and processes that will cement the formation and definition of this region.
About the Author
About the Institute for Security and International
The institute networks internationally and establishes links with academic organizations and official institutions in the country and abroad on a contract basis. ISIS is not linked to any political party, movement, organization, or religious or ideological denomination. The institute has a flexible group of voluntary associates - five senior research fellows, eight Ph.D. holders and five MAs - varying annually between 8 and 13.Publications of ISIS
"Problems of Civil-Military Relations in Bulgaria: Approaches to Improving the Civilian Monitoring of the Armed Forces" (Plamen Pantev, Valeri Rachev, Todor Tagarev), 96 pp., April, 1996. Research Studies - 2. In Bulgarian.
"Bulgaria and the European Union in the Process of Building a Common European Defense" (Plamen Pantev, Valeri Rachev, Tilcho Ivanov), 51 pp., September 1996. Research Studies - 3. In Bulgarian and English.
"Strengthening of the Balkan Civil Society: the Role of the NGOs in International Negotiations" (Plamen Pantev), 24 pp. ,March 1997. Research Studies - 4. In Bulgarian and English.
"The New National Security Environment and Its Impact on the Civil-Military Relations in Bulgaria" (Plamen Pantev), 50 pp., May 1997. Research Studies - 5. In English.
"Prenegotiations: the Theory and How to Apply it to Balkan Issues" (Plamen Pantev), 24 pp., October 1998. Research Studies - 6. In English.
"Balkan Regional Profile: The Security Situation and the Region-Building Evolution of Southeastern Europe" (Plamen Pantev, Valeri Rachev, Tatiana Houbenova-Delisivkova), 17 pp., April 1999. Research Studies - 7. In English (only an electronic version).
"Black Sea Basin Regional Profile: The Security Situation and the Region-Building Opportunities" (Plamen Pantev, Valeri Rachev, Tatiana Houbenova-Delisivkova), 17 pp., April 1999. Research Studies - 8. In English (only an electronic version).
"Security Risks and Instabilities in Southeastern Europe: Recommended Strategies to the EU in the Process of Differentiated Integration of the Region by the Union" (Plamen Pantev), 36 pp., November 2000. Research Studies - 9. In English (only an electronic version).
"The Bulgarian Foreign Policy in the Post-Conflict Period: Tendencies, Roles, Recommendations" (Plamen Pantev, Valeri Rachev, Venelin Tsachevsky, Tatiana Houbenova-Delisivkova, Dinko Dinkov), 35 pp., November 1995. Research Reports-3. In Bulgarian.
"The Bulgarian Military Education at a Crossroads" (Todor Tagarev), 29 pp., September 1996, Research Reports-4. In English.
"An International Methodology for Evaluation of Combat Capabilities of Military Systems: the Bulgarian Perspective of Greater Transparency and Confidence" (Volodya Kotsev), 13 pp., October 1996, Research Reports-5. In English.
"Confidence and Security in the Balkans: the Role of Transparency in Defense Budgeting" (Tilcho Kolev), 22 pp., November 1996, Research Reports-6. In English.
"NATO Enlargement: Two Looks from Outside" (Laszlo Nagy, Valeri Ratchev), 82 pp., February 1997, Research Reports-7. In English.
"Bulgaria and NATO: 7 Lost Years" (Jeffrey Simon), Translation from English into Bulgarian from "Strategic Forum" 142, May 1998, 15 pp., November 1998, Research Reports - 8. In Bulgarian.
"Reengineering Defense Planning in Bulgaria" (Velizar Shalamanov, Todor Tagarev), 28 pp., December 1998, Research Reports - 9. In English.
"Peacekeeping and Intervention in the Former Yugoslavia: Broader Implications of the Regional Case" (Plamen Pantev), 17 pp., November 1999, Research Reports - 10. In English.
"The Emergence of a New Geopolitical Region in Eurasia: The Volga-Urals Region and its Implications for Bulgarian Foreign and Security Policy" (Nikolay Pavlov), 23 pp., December 2000, Research Reports - 11. In English.
"Regional Identity in the Post-Cold War Balkans" (Dimitar Bechev), 22 pp., August 2001, Research Reports - 12. In English.
Note: All publications in English can be retrieved in electronic format from the Institute's website hosted by the International Relations and Security Network (ISN): http://www.isn.ch/isis